At IOM, we operate from the outset that vulnerable persons' needs are to be approached within the overall context of managing migration.
- We support Romanian citizens stranded abroad, in strong collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in their repatriation efforts.
- We offer assistance to Romanian citizens returning from abroad and in vulnerable situations (accessing the health system, identifying housing, enrolling children in school, identifying jobs, etc.).
- We provide support to Romanian citizens victims of human trafficking, including work exploitation.
Trafficking in persons is recognized to be a significant and growing problem in Central and South-Eastern Europe. Romania is a country of origin for men, women and children victims of trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation, forced labour and/or other forms of trafficking. Since 1999, more than 2000 Romanian citizens, victims of trafficking in persons were given support to return home by IOM.
Our approach is based on three principles that govern all our activities:
- Respect for human rights
- Physical, mental and social well-being of the individual and his or her community
- Sustainability through institutional capacity building of governments and civil society
The National Agency against Trafficking in Persons (ANITP), established in 2006, develops national programs on preventing trafficking and monitoring assistance provided to VoTs aiming at their social integration. The victim assistance service is carried out by DGs for Social Assistance and Child Protection (DGASPC) as well as by IOM Romania and NGOs. Statistics show that in 2017 Romanian authorities investigated 675 new cases of trafficking in human beings, a drop 864 cases in 2016 and 858 in 2015.
Resources (in Romanian)